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Common name:Cluster pine
Scientific name:Pinus pinaster (Pinaceae)
Alternative common names:
A coniferous tree 8-15m high, conical when young, becoming cylindrical with a tall, bare trunk when older. Reddish-brown bark, deeply cracked into plates. Dull grey-green leaf needles in bundles of two. Cones initially purple, turning light brown 9-18cm long. This pine invades mountains and lowland fynbos
Where does this species come from?Mediterranean
What is its invasive status in South Africa?CARA 2002 – Category 2 NEMBA – a. 2 for plantations and wind-rows. b. 1b elsewhere. c. National Heritage Trees or National Monument Trees in terms of the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999, (Act No. 25 of 1999), are not listed.
Where in South Africa is it a problem?Western Cape
How does it spread?Spreads by seed dispersal from the cones
Why is it a problem?Competes with and replaces indigenous species. Dense stands can reduce water runoff and stream flow from mountain catchments, reduce grazing, and pose a fire hazard which threatens the survival of indigenous animal and plant species
What does it look like?General description: Coniferous tree 8-15m high; conical when young, becoming cylindrical with a tall, bare trunk when older; bark reddish-brown, deeply cracked into plates. Leaves: Needles, dull grey-green, in bundles of two, long (80-240 mm), thick and rigid. Flowers: Does not produce any flowers. Fruit/Seeds: Produces woody purple cones which turn light brown, 90-180mm long, shortly stalked, often clustered and persistent
Does the plant have any uses?Used for timber
Plant me instead alternatives
Yellowwoods (Podocarpus henkellii, Podocarpus latifolius, Podocarpus falcatus)