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The long-leaved wattle is an evergreen shrub or spreading tree 2-6m high, with long bright green leaves that have prominent longitudinal veins. Flowers are bright yellow and cylindrical in shape, growing up to 50mm long and 7mm wide, from July to September. Originating from Australia and Tasmania, the long-leaved was cultivated in South Africa for dune reclamation, and has spread along the coastal areas, where it competes with and replaces invasive species.
A medium-sized evergreen, rounded tree up to 8m high, with stout branches and rusty, woolly down on the branches. The dark green, leathery leaves are glossy above and woolly beneath with prominent veins. White flowers appear from May to June followed by orange-yellow, pear-shaped, fleshy fruits with a few large seeds. This tree invades forests and roadsides.
A wide-spreading evergreen tree growing up to 5-6m high, but sometimes as high as 20m. Several branches originate close to the ground. The leaves are oblong to oval bright green and smooth leaves with a felty texture beneath. Crimson bottlebrush-like flowers appear in clusters from December to January and the fruits include a white or grey velvety capsule. This tree invades coastal fynbos on moist, peaty soils in the Western Cape.
An evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 6m high with dark, dull-green leaves that are paler below and have distinctive veins and a prominent midrib. Pink, red or white flowers which are slightly aromatic, with a single row of petals, appear from September to March. It bears reddish-brown fruit follicles which are finger-like and 10-20cm long. They are ridged and split longitudinally into two halves with seeds that have tufts of hairs. The whole plant is highly toxic and lethal and the sap is a skin irritant.
The orchid tree grows up to 6-10 m high. The leaves are thick and deeply divided into two lobes approximately 100mm long. Flowers are pink blotched or striped with red, cream or purple with narrow, non-overlapping petals. Flowers from August to October and produces dark brown pods.