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Evergreen shrub or tree 3-6m high with a black or dark brown bark and feathery branches. Deep green, greyish or bluish-green leaves are minute and scale-like. Pale to purplish-pink flowers in clusters 15-70mm long at the end of thin, long twigs. Fruits are papery capsules 3-4mm long.
Evergreen shrub or small tree 3-10m high. Dark green, thick, leathery, glossy leaves sometimes variegated in green and yellow. Heavily, scented white flowers appear in large terminal clusters from October to February. Shiny black berries. It has poisonous fruits and leaves.
A coniferous tree up to 20m high or more, with conical or oval crowns. Large, ascending branches with secondary shoots absent from trunk with very thick, fissured bark. Light to bright green leaf needles in bundles of three. Light brown cylindrical cones 15-20cm long. This pine invades grasslands, usually on dry mountain slopes
A coniferous tree 8-15m high, conical when young, becoming cylindrical with a tall, bare trunk when older. Reddish-brown bark, deeply cracked into plates. Dull grey-green leaf needles in bundles of two. Cones initially purple, turning light brown 9-18cm long. This pine invades mountains and lowland fynbos
This introduced species has been widely cultivated in gardens for its fruit, and its leaves are also used to feed silkworms.On young, vigorous shoots, the leaves may be up to 30 cm long, and deeply and intricately lobed, with the lobes rounded. On older trees, the leaves are generally 5–15 cm long, unlobed, cordate at the base and rounded to acuminate at the tip, and serrated on the margins.