Thank you for visiting our website.
Please note that the site is not fully functional at the moment as we are in the process of re-developing. We hope that you will find the available resources helpful in the meantime.
In order to tackle our country’s socio-economic challenges, the government adopted the Outcomes based approach to improve government performance and providing focus on service delivery. find out more
Common name:Radiata pine
Scientific name:Pinus radiata (Pinaceae)
Alternative common names:
A coniferous tree 12-25m high with a broad, rounded canopy. Dark green leaf needles in bundles of two to three which are very densely arranged. Yellowish-brown, woody cones 7-14cm long. This pine invades fynbos, forest clearings, grasslands, usually on moist mountain slopes
Where does this species come from?South-western North America
What is its invasive status in South Africa?CARA 2002 – Category 2 NEMBA – a. 2 for plantations and wind-rows. b. 1b elsewhere. c. National Heritage Trees or National Monument Trees in terms of the National Heritage Resources Act, 1999 (Act No. 25 of 1999), are not listed. d. Specimens with a diameter (calliper width) greater than 400 mm at a height of 1000 mm at the date of publication of this Notice are not listed for urban areas in Cape Town, the Overberg District Council and Winelands District Council, except when in raparian areas where they remain Category 1b.
Where in South Africa is it a problem?Western Cape
How does it spread?Spreads by seeds
Why is it a problem?Competes with and replaces indigenous species. Dense stands can reduce water runoff and stream flow from mountain catchments, reduce grazing, and pose a fire hazard which threatens the survival of indigenous animal and plant species
What does it look like?General description: Coniferous tree 12-25m high with a sharply conical canopy in plantations, but a broad, rounded canopy when open-grown. Leaves: Needles, dark green, in bundles of two or usually three, very densely arranged, 60-150mm long, slender. Flowers: Does not produce any flowers. Fruit/Seeds: Produces cone which is yellowish-brown, woody, obliquely ovoid, large, 70-140mm long, strongly asymmetrical and reflexed, persistent; cone scales on outer side very large and thick, ending in a fine thorn, inner scales small and flat
Does the plant have any uses?Normally used for timber and shelter