One of many wattle species originating from Australia, Rooikrans is a serious invader of the Cape Floristic Kingdom. Evergreen shrub 1.5-4m high, with bright green elongated leaves and yellow flowers, was brought to South Africa for the primary purpose of stabilising shifting sand dunes in the Western Cape.
- Common name Red eye wattle
- Scientific name Acacia cyclops (Fabaceae)
Alternative common names
- Where does this species come from? South-western Australia
- What is its invasive status in South Africa? Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 2 Proposed legislation: NEMBA – Category 2
- Where in South Africa is it a problem? In coastal areas, from the Cape Peninsula to the Eastern Cape.
- How does it spread? Seeds dispersed by birds and animals.
- Why is it a problem? Red eye is a problem because competes with indigenous species for resources, which threatens biodiversity. It also has the ability to increase the severity of fire.
- What does it look like? General description: An evergreen shrub 1.5-4m high, with bright green elongated leaves and yellow flowers, which was brought to South Africa for the primary purpose of stabilising shifting sand dunes in the Western Cape. Leaves: Straight, bright green leaves, with prominent parallel veins. Flowers: All year round (mainly October to February), with bright yellow globe-shaped flower heads. Fruit/seeds: Broad brown twisted pods, with black seeds encircles by a row of bright red.
- Does the plant have any uses? Red eye is used in the commercial firewood industry in Western Cape.
Plant me instead alternatives
Sand olive (Dodonea angustifolia)