Pom pom weed

Campuloclinium macrocephalum
Pom pom weed: Campuloclinium macrocephalum Pom pom weed: Campuloclinium macrocephalum

Common name:

Pom pom weed

Scientific name:

Campuloclinium macrocephalum (Asteraceae)

Alternative common names:

Pompom bossie (Afrikaans)

The pom pom weed is an erect perennial with green stems up to 1,3m high. It dies back annually to a root crown. Pink flowerheads surrounded by purple bracts in compact heads appear from December to March. This plant is native to Central and South America.

Additional Info

  • Where does this species come from?

    Central & South America (Mexico to Argentina)

    What is its invasive status in South Africa?

    Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 1 NEMBA – Category 1b

    Where in South Africa is it a problem?

    Grassland regions of Gauteng, Kwazulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and the Eastern Cape Provinces

    How does it spread?

    It spreads easily by seed, and it can also regenerate from underground rhizomes

    Why is it a problem?

    It causes serious degradation of the veld, lowering the biodiversity and reducing the grazing capacity by being unpalatable to large herbivores

    What does it look like?

    General description: A tall erect perennial herb with pink fluffy flowerheads and leaves concentrated on the base of the plant. Bark: Green to purple covered with rough bristly hairs. Leaves: Light green with serrated margins and lance-shaped, becoming small and more distant upwards. Flowers: Pink and are produced in dense clusters at the end of aerial stems, flower-head consists of hundreds of tiny, star shaped florets surrounded by purple bracts. Flowers in late summer during December-March. Fruit/Seeds: Brown, one-seeded achenes.

    Does the plant have any uses?

    Introduced for ornamental purposes but now a noxious weed